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Geomorphology – Majella

January 18, 2010

The Majella Mountain – Mountain’s Father according to Plyny the Elder or Mother Mountain, so called by the people of Abruzzo – a high, huge, wild massif, it is now part of the world patrimony of national Parks. The Park is geographically formed by four big parts: the properly called Majella, that  is a wide and compact calcareous massif, the Mount Morrone, the Mount Porrara, the Pizzi Mountain and the valleys and karstic plains among them.

The Park in unique thanks to its position (in the Mediterranean area), asperity, wilderness and magnificence (more than 60 mountains, 30 of which over 2000 meters: among them are Mount Amaro, 2793m, the second mountain of Apennines, mount Acquaviva, 2737m, mount Focalone 2676m, mount Rotondo, 2656m, mount Macellaro, 2646m, Pesco Falcone, 2546m, Cima Murelle, 2598m), and thanks to the rigour and variability of the climate.

The Park contains in widelands, with their peculiar aspects of wilderness (Wildlands), the most valuable and rare plant of the national patrimony of bio diversity, worldwide renown. Besides, the closeness with the National Parks of Gran Sasso and Laga Mountains and the regional Parks of the Sirente and Velino Mountains, gives the Park a high ecological importance, linked to the necessity of movement of the most rare and threatened animals, searching for new vital unimpaired areas.

The properly called Majella is characterized by a series of high altitude plains, that are not found elsewhere on the Apennines, like Vallone di Femmina Marta, over 2500m. and by very long, wild and deep valleys that cut the mountain from the top to the base: Vallone dell’Orfento, digged by the Orfento River and rich of the water and beech woods; Valle del Foro, modeled by the Foro River with the same characteristics; Vallone di Selvaromanana in Pennapiedmonte territory and many more.

To the South, near mount Pizzalto base, the wonderful karstic plain known as Abruzzo Major Table-lands, also called Quadri, link Majella with the Pizzi Mountain, rich of beech and Label’s Maple woods and full of other species of trees.

The presence of wide and well – preserved woodlands, together with the plenty of water and the resulting richness of the right micro-spheres, make Pizzi Mountains the ideal shelter for the most rare and precious animals of the Park, National and European patrimony.

Majella National Park – Flora

Majella National Park – Fauna

Majella National Park – History

Walking Holidays – Majella

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